New Findings: Asian American Vote in Georgia Shows Dramatic Shift from Republican to Democrat in 2012 Elections
Thursday, Feb 28, 2013
February 28, 2013 -- Today, the Asian American Legal Defense and Education Fund (AALDEF) released detailed findings from its nonpartisan multilingual exit poll of 361 Asian American voters in Georgia in the November 2012 elections, the largest survey of its kind in the nation. The results indicated that Asian Americans are a growing segment of the electorate in Georgia, with a strong shift from Republican to Democrat in the 2012 elections.
62% of Asian Americans polled in Georgia voted for President Obama, compared to 77% of those polled nationally. In 2010, AALDEF's exit poll found 38% of Asian American voters in Georgia were enrolled in the Republican Party. In 2012, only 21% in Georgia were enrolled in the Republican party. Democratic Party enrollment stayed virtually unchanged, with 32% enrolled in 2010 and 33% enrolled in 2012. The exit poll revealed an increase of independent voters in Georgia, from 30% in 2010 to 42% in 2012. The majority of Asian Americans polled (56%) in Georgia supported immigration reform, including a path to citizenship.
"Our exit poll results indicate that Asian Americans are an increasingly diverse, growing portion of the Georgia electorate," said Glenn D. Magpantay, Director of the Democracy Program at AALDEF. "Issues that mattered to Asian Americans in Georgia, including immigration reform, accounted for Republican and independent voters voting for President Obama in the 2012 elections."
In Georgia, AALDEF conducted the exit poll in cities with large Asian American populations, including Norcross, Doraville, Duluth, and Suwanee. The exit poll results in Georgia are part of AALDEF's 14-state multilingual exit poll of 9,096 Asian American voters.
According to Census data, the Asian American population in Georgia increased 83% over the past decade. The largest Asian ethnic groups in the Georgia exit poll were Asian Indian (33%), Korean (24%), Chinese (14%), Vietnamese (11%), Bangladeshi (5%), Pakistani (4%), and Filipino (3%).
Magpantay presented the results of the 2012 multilingual exit poll in Atlanta, Georgia. Download the presentation. Key findings on "The Asian American Vote in the 2012 Presidential Election" include the following:
- Asian Americans are a growing portion of the Georgia electorate.
In the 2012 elections, 31% of Asian Americans were first time voters. 44% of Asian Americans in Norcross were first-time voters.
The majority of Asian Americans in Georgia voted for President Obama.
62% of Asian Americans polled in Georgia voted for Obama. The major factors influencing their vote were economy/jobs (62%), health care (33%), education (24%), civil rights/immigrants rights (24%), women's issues (17%), and terrorism/security (11%).
Republican Party enrollment dropped from 38% in 2010 to 21% in 2012, with independent voters voting for Obama.
In the 2012 elections, among those not enrolled in any party, 73% voted for Obama, compared to only 24% for Romney. Among Democrats, 96% voted for Obama and 3% voted for Romney. Among Republicans, 13% voted for Obama, and 85% for Romney.
There is a wide range of Asian American political leanings by city.
86% of Asian Americans polled in Doraville voted for Obama, compared to 61% of Asian Americans in Suwanee, 57% of Asian Americans in Norcross, and 56% of Asian Americans in Duluth.
Asian Americans in Georgia have higher levels of English proficiency.
Over a quarter (26%) of Asian Americans polled in Georgia are limited English proficient (LEP), defined as speaking English less than "very well." Nationally, 37% of Asian Americans identified as limited English proficient. However, particular ethnic groups in Georgia had high rates of limited English proficiency, such as Korean Americans (60% LEP) and Vietnamese Americans (40% LEP).
A majority of Asian Americans favored comprehensive immigration reform.
56% of Asian Americans in Georgia supported immigration reform, including a path to citizenship.
- Voting barriers persisted.
Voters were asked if they encountered any voting problems. Below are the number of complaints:
10 were required to prove their U.S. citizenship.
8 complained that their names were missing or had errors in the list of voters at poll sites.
9 had to vote by provisional ballot.
4 voters complained that poll workers did not know what to do.
8 voters complained that poll workers were rude or hostile.
12 voters complained that no interpreters or translations were available when they needed the help.
2 were directed to the wrong poll site or voting machine/table within a site.
About the Exit Poll:
AALDEF's multilingual exit polls reveal vital information about Asian American voting patterns that is often overlooked in mainstream voter surveys. AALDEF has conducted exit polls of Asian American voters in every major election since 1988. In the 2008 Presidential Election, AALDEF surveyed 16,665 Asian American voters in eleven states. More than 100 community groups and organizations joined AALDEF to mobilize over 800 attorneys, law students, and volunteers to conduct the exit poll and to safeguard the voting rights of Asian Americans. A list of co-sponsoring organizations and law firms follows below.
The Asian American Legal Defense and Education Fund (AALDEF), founded in 1974, is a national organization that protects and promotes the civil rights of Asian Americans. By combining litigation, advocacy, education, and organizing, AALDEF works with Asian American communities across the country to secure human rights for all.
Ujala Sehgal, Communications Coordinator
Glenn Magpantay, Democracy Prog. Dir.
ASIAN AMERICAN LEGAL DEFENSE AND EDUCATION FUND 2012 ASIAN AMERICAN EXIT POLL - Co-Sponsoring Organizations and Law Firms
Alliance of South Asian American Labor
Asian Pacific American Labor Alliance
Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights Under Law
National Asian Pacific American Bar Association
Nat'l Coalition of Asian Pac. Amer. Comm. Dev.
Nat'l Korean Amer. Service & Education Consortium
National Queer Asian Pacific Islander Alliance
North American South Asian Bar Association
OCA (formerly Organization of Chinese Americans)
South Asian Americans Leading Together
ACCESS - MI
APALA - Nevada
APIA Vote - Michigan
Asian American Society of Central Virginia
Boat People SOS Delaware Valley - PA
CAAAV - NY
Cambodian Association of Greater Philadelphia
Center for Pan Asian Community Services - GA
Chhaya CDC - NY
Chinese-American Planning Council - NY
Chinese Community Federation of Atlanta
Chinese Progressive Association - MA
Coalition of Asian Pacific Americans of Virginia
East Coast Asian American Student Union
Gay Asian and Pacific Islander Men of New York
Hunter College/CUNY, Asian Am. Studies Prog - NY
Korean American Civic Empowerment of NY/NJ
Korean American Resource and Cultural Center - IL
MinKwon Center for Community Action - NY
NAAAP - New York
NAAAP - Philadelphia
NANAY - FL
NAPAWF - DC
NAPAWF - New York City
OCA: Greater Houston
OCA: Greater Washington DC
OCA: Northern Virginia
OCA: South Florida
Pace University, ACE House - NY
Pennsylvania Immigration and Citizenship Coalition
Philadelphia Chinatown Development Corporation
Princeton Asian American Students Association - NJ
Q-WAVE - NY
South Asian Lesbian & Gay Association of New York
U. California San Diego, Lambda Phi Epsilon
U. Maryland, College Park, Asian Amer. Studies Prog.
U. Massachusetts Boston, Asian Amer. Studies Prog.
Viet. Amer. Young Leaders Assoc. of New Orleans
Asian American Bar Association of Houston
Asian American Bar Association of New York
Asian American Lawyers Assoc. of Massachusetts
Asian American Legal Advocacy Center of Georgia
Asian Bar Association of Las Vegas - NV
Asian Pacific American Bar Assoc. of Wash., DC
Asian Pacific American Bar Assoc. of Pennsylvania
Asian Pacific American Bar Assoc. of South Florida
Asian Pacific American Lawyers Association of NJ
Asian Pacific American Legal Resource Center - DC
Boston University School of Law, APALSA - MA
Brooklyn Law School, APALSA - NY
Columbia Law School, APALSA - NY
Filipino Amer. Legal Defense & Educ. Fund, Inc. - NY
Georgetown Law, APALSA - DC
Georgia Asian Pacific American Bar Association
Greater Boston Legal Services: Asian Outreach Unit
Harvard Law School, APALSA - MA
Korean Amer. Bar Assoc. of the Washington DC Area
Korean American Lawyers Association of Greater NY
Louisiana Asian Pacific American Bar Association
Muslim American Bar Association of New York
New England School of Law, APALSA - MA
Pace Law School, Public Interest Law Center - NY
Rutgers School of Law-Newark, APALSA - NJ
South Asian Bar Association of New York
South Asian Bar Association of Washington, DC
Suffolk U. Law Rappaport Ctr. Law and Public Serv.
University of Nevada, Las Vegas, APALSA
U. Penn. Law, Public Interest Office and APALSA
Law Firm Co-Sponsors
Alston & Bird LLP
Ballard Spahr LLP
Crowell & Moring LLP
Debevoise & Plimpton LLP
Duane Morris LLP
Edwards Wildman Palmer LLP
Finnegan, Henderson, Farabow, Garrett & Dunner, LLP
Fowler White Boggs
Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson LLP
K&L Gates LLP
Kaye Scholer LLP
Kelley Drye & Warren LLP
McCarter & English LLP
Morrison & Foerster LLP
Orrick, Herrington & Sutcliffe LLP
Paul Hastings LLP
Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison LLP
Pepper Hamilton LLP
Proskauer Rose LLP
Ropes & Gray LLP
Shearman & Sterling LLP
Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom LLP
Sutherland Asbill & Brennan LLP
Weil, Gotshal & Manges LLP
White & Case LLP