Emil Guillermo: "Some Asians"?--A retired Harvard dean's telling remark
August 9, 2018 6:24 PM
Prepping the show for the 17th has my head back at Harvard in the '70s, just a few years after major civil rights laws were passed.
Coincidentally, a passage in that New York Times article about Asians suing Harvard over discriminatory admissions really struck a nerve.
"Asians were an overlooked minority despite a long history of discrimination," an article in last week's New York Times
reported. "As late as 1976, Harvard did not recognize them as a minority group and barred them from a freshman minority orientation banquet."
As a freshman in 1973, I don't remember ever being invited to a Black, Brown, Yellow banquet for Crimson people of color. I don't think I ever heard the phrase affirmative action. In fact, most of the Asians I knew at school were all paying customers, foreign royalty, or from elite Asian families. Not many were regular Asian Americans like me on scholarship with a free-lunch background and parents who were both on SSI.
I wasn't Black enough to be with the "minorities." And not Asian enough to be with the elites. I was always an Asian American of Filipino descent. On my own.
I was a unique micro-minority and don't ever remember being referred to as being part of any group.
Maybe if they saw me as Mexican?
The truth is, they didn't see me at all.
And if they did, I was just "Emil, not White."
The Times article described how Asian Americans were viewed at Harvard this way: "They had a kind of neither-nor identity, denied both the solidarity of other students of color and the social standing of white people."
I felt that.
Truth is, Harvard didn't know how to deal with Asian Americans. Not when I was there.
ACCORDING TO THE OWNER'S MANUAL
Retired Dean Henry Rosovsky mentioned Harvard's dilemma over Asians in his 1990 book, The University: An Owner's Manual
. He speaks of "underrepresented ethnic minorities" as "primarily Blacks, Hispanics, Native Americans, and to a lesser degree Asian Americans."
Rosovsky said the "search for these students is the equivalent of affirmative action in employment."
But why the Asian Americans to a "lesser degree"?
In the same chapter, he reiterated the point when he said, "I think few will dispute that blacks, Hispanics, and native Americans -- and some Asians -- need the most positive reinforcement."
Rosovsky explained that he separated Asians because Americans of Japanese, Chinese and Korean descent are the most "overrepresented" groups in higher education.
Rosovsky cited the Asian American numbers from 1987-1988: Harvard, 14 percent; MIT, 20 percent; Cal Tech, 21 percent; UC Berkeley, 25 percent.
Since his book's publication, the numbers have risen dramatically, just as the Asian American population has exploded. Harvard currently has a freshman class around 22 percent Asian American. Berkeley's Asian American numbers are around 40 percent.
So certain groups of Asians are clearly doing well, but not all.
Rosovsky spelled it out when he wrote, "Vietnamese, Cambodians, Laotians, Filipinos, and Indians may need as much assistance as, say, Blacks."
When I read his book the first time in 1990, it struck me how the university saw the Filipino me.
So I really was a brother.
Then again, I realized why I might have felt more comfortable taking courses in the college's Afro American Studies department. A creative writing course there was very different from one taught in the white English Department.
We told different stories.
NOT JUST CHINESE
To its credit, the Rosovsky book shows the university was actually looking at diversity broadly.
And the book shows Harvard understood Asian Americans weren't just Chinese.
For decades, the Asian American community has been seen as synonymous with its largest group, Chinese Americans. It says something that Harvard, while struggling, was trying to seek an equitable balance among all Asian Americans.
Does that sound like discrimination?
If we want to uncover real discrimination at Harvard, we shouldn't be looking at the overrepresented Asians like the Chinese, Japanese, and Koreans.
But they are the folks who seem to be overrepresented among the victims covered in the current suit being pushed by anti-affirmative action activist Ed Blum and his right-wing group.
If Blum were really interested in helping Asian Americans, he'd be looking at those who make up Rosovsky's "some Asians" list: Vietnamese, Cambodians, Laotians, Filipinos, and Indians.
Did they get the attention they deserve? Were they served?
That might be more useful than what Blum's pushing now.
In his fishing expedition, Blum seemed to get mostly Chinese Americans who want to know why their perfect SAT scores weren't good enough to get them into Harvard.
The truth is, Blum doesn't care about any of us.
He's not interested in exposing discrimination. He just wants to preserve the White status quo. It's the same group of people Trump calls his base, that will do anything to protect White privilege.
His choice of Harvard as a target is strategic. Discrimination at Harvard? Rosovsky seems to indicate the school has always been earnestly trying to seek real equity among all Asian Americans.
Does Blum address Vietnamese, Cambodians, Laotians, Indians, and Filipinos at Harvard Yard, if at all?
If Blum's suit isn't about all of us, don't allow his legal machinations to divide us.
* * *
Emil Guillermo is an independent journalist/commentator.
Updates at www.amok.com. Follow Emil on Twitter, and like his Facebook page.The views expressed in his blog do not necessarily represent AALDEF's views or policies.
Leave a comment