A bias toward hate crimes in Rutgers case?

April 25, 2011 9:24 PM

Without doubt, the Tyler Clementi story is a tragic one.
The Rutgers University student committed suicide last year, plunging to his death from the George Washington Bridge. It was just days after his roommate allegedly displayed live video on the internet of Clementi romantically engaged with another male student.

The high-tech outing was a humiliating experience, but have prosecutors made the situation worse with the possible misuse of New Jersey's hate crime enhancement?

Last week, after months of speculation, a New Jersey grand jury finally indicted Clementi's roommate Dharun Ravi, 19, and turned what was at first a matter of invasion of privacy into a homophobic hate crime.

The initial charges might have ended up with probation for Ravi. Now the enhancement raises the stakes and Ravi faces the possibility of 5 to 10 years of prison time, if convicted.

The thought of Ravi getting probation for what happened to Clementi may seem reprehensible to some. In fact, the emotional public outcry calling for the use of New Jersey's hate crime statute was loud and clear. But weren't people reacting to the suicide more than the privacy breach?

Clementi's attorney acknowledges that there's no linking of the webcam incident to the suicide.

But by applying the enhancement, the grand jury seems to have done just that while taking advantage of Ravi as the best available scapegoat for a Rutgers community that failed Clementi.

It's obvious Ravi didn't push Clementi off the bridge or tell him to commit suicide.  But where was Clementi's support from others at the school, his family, his friends within the music community? Why couldn't Clementi turn to them in a crisis? Is it because they were the ones that sent him into the closet in the first place?

Meanwhile, what Ravi did can't be described as purely homophobic. It was stupid, venal, and immature. Does that get you 5-10 years?

As an ethnic, but not sexual, minority, Ravi probably had more in common with Clementi than most people think. In fact, I'd characterize Ravi not as a hater, but as a lover of tech and all things digital.
Homophobe? I see Ravi as a technophile, a gadget-loving geek.  And when he was able to figure out how to be a digital Peeping Tom, in his mind that must have been way too cool.

I wonder if Clementi were straight, would Ravi carry on any differently?

I'm not sure.

But I can imagine that once Ravi found someone, anyone, making out in front of his webcam, it didn't matter what the orientation of the person. Ravi's gear worked. The camera was on capturing the action.  His was the moral sensibility of the tech geek. Get it on-the web.  It's the act of an immature, stupid kid.

And yet the prosecutors believe the high tech invasion of privacy was intended to intimidate Clementi solely because of his sexual orientation.

If I were a jury member, for a hate crime enhancement to stick, the prosecutors would have to prove that Ravi was as rabidly anti-gay as the KKK is anti-black.
A true homophobe wouldn't have been Clementi's roommate in the first place. That alone says there's not the level of acrimony present for a true hate crime.  Ravi and Clementi may not have been bosom buddies, but to be roommates at any level takes some degree of tolerance. Even an ounce of tolerance is more than what's in the psychological makeup of a truly violent hate crime perp.

Think of the skin-heads, the hood-heads, and everyone in between. Would a Grand Wizard of the KKK share a sock drawer with a black man?

Was what Ravi did on the order of what happened to James Byrd, the black man who was dragged from the back of a vehicle in Texas?

If Ravi were a true homophobe he wouldn't have stopped with just the web cam expose.

He would have taken Clementi and thrown him off the bridge--that night.

That's a hate crime.

In my experience covering stories of Asian American hate crimes, there have always been frustrating technicalities that appeared to favor the accused.

Now I see why.

When you enhance the penalties, you raise the bar in every way, making hate crimes necessarily hard to prove. You want to get it right. And you don't want to let emotion get in the way.

In the Clementi case, the most homophobic thing from Ravi is a Twitter message: "Roommate asked for room till midnight. I went into Molly's room and turned on my webcam. I saw him making out with a dude. Yay."

An expression of homophobia? Or just the enthusiasm of an immature college kid with no respect for an individual's privacy?

Scapegoating Ravi is too easy.  Days passed before Clementi committed suicide. There was enough time for the Rutgers community to intervene, if only Clementi considered anyone at Rutgers a true resource.

Now Clementi's gone and the prosecutors appear ready to target Ravi. Ravi's accomplice hasn't been charged so she can testify against him. Meanwhile, Ravi's dropped out of Rutgers, is free on $25,000 bail, and now faces real prison time for his act of stupidity
Applying New Jersey's hate crime statute may have placated the public's outcry, but it only makes a tragic case even more so.


Posted by:Emil Guillermo

The views expressed in this blog do not necessarily represent the views or policies of AALDEF.


1. I disagree. NJ's hate crime law provides that a court may enhance penalty for crimes committed "with a purpose to intimidate an individual or group because of race, color, gender, handicap, religion, sexual orientation or ethnicity." One does not need to be homophobic to intimidate another based on their perceived sexual orientation.
Posted by: Richard Ho | Apr 27, 2011 2:48 PM

2. Obviously, the author has a fundamental misunderstanding of New Jersey criminal law and the hate crimes statute in particular. The actor (Ravi) does not have to act like a hate-based organization in order to be found guilty of a hate crime. The prosecution only has to prove that he was motivated (in whole or in part) by the fact that the victim was a member of a protected class (gay in this case). Proof of the actor's motivation does not have to be direct (such as saying "I did it because he's gay"), but can be circumstantial. In this case, the evidence already made public about the statements Ravi made about Tylar's sexual orientation when he described the video recording he was making before the suicide will go a long way towards proving that Tylar's sexual orientation was motivating factor. Whether Rutgers has liability (probably only civil) remains to be seen).
Posted by: Leslie | Apr 27, 2011 7:49 PM

Posted by: RAY | Jun 8, 2011 8:32 AM

4. Sad to say, but if Ravi was white and Clmente was non white, emil would probabley say it was a hate crime. Ravi obviously. thought it ok to harass Clemente about his gayness as some folk think it ok to harass Asians.
Posted by: Steve Kal | Jul 20, 2012 4:52 PM

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